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  1. Ireland a Nation (1914) : irischer Stummfilm

    QuellenartElektronische Volltexte & Multimedia>>Audiovisuelle Dokumente>>
    UrheberIrish Film & TV Research Online
    Verleger Dublin / Trinity College Dublin
    Umfang 43:12 min
    Schlagworte FWStummfilm; Irland
    Beschreibung "Production company: MacNamara Feature Film Co.; Sponsor: Emmet Moore.; Country of origin: USA.
    Producer/ director/ scriptwriter: Walter MacNamara; Black and white; silent; length: 5 reels; 2,939 feet; format: 35mm.; Distributor: T A Sparling (Ireland/GB); Gaelic Film Co (Ireland).; USA release 22 September 1914; Irish release 8 January 1917.; USA re-issue ca. 1920 by Gaelic Film Co. Reissue copy: IFA; LC (reels 2, 3, & 4, 35mm, 2,939 ft; 16mm, 1,183 ft); MOMA.; Cast: Barry O’Brien (Robert Emmet), P J Bourke, Fred O’Donovan, Barney Magee, Patrick Ennis, Dominick Reilly.; Notes: Exteriors were filmed in Ireland, while interiors were shot at Kew Bridge Studios, Twickenham, London. One account (by his son) identifies the actor-manager and playwright, P J Bourke, in the role of ‘Michael Dwyer’, while another version from the same source suggests that Bourke's primary responsibilities were behind the camera and as a writer, and that he only played an extra as one of ‘Dwyer’s’ men. MPW 3 October 1914:62 identifies Walter MacNamara as the writer. For an historical note on Michael Dwyer see MICHAEL DWYER, THE IRISH OUTLAW (GB 1912). The first print of the film bound for Ireland sunk with the Lusitania off the County Kerry coast on 7 May 1915. Another copy of the film reached Dublin the following year and was given a Press Censor's Certificate on 1 December 1916, though some scenes and intertitles had to be removed. These were: the scene showing the interruption of a hillside Mass by soldiers; Anne Devlin being ‘roughly handled by soldiers’ (the Press Censor mistakenly identified the character as Sarah Curran); the execution of Emmet; an inter-title, ‘A Price of £100 dead or alive on the head of every priest’; and the Irish flag’s display at the end of the performance. Actuality footage of a Home Rule meeting in 1914 and a shot of a telegram from Ireland Parliamentary Party leader, John Redmond, also had to be cut. This version of the film was screened in Dublin on 8 January 1917, but it was banned two days later by the military authorities who objected to the demonstrations of approval by audiences of the film’s nationalist sentiments. These responses were ‘likely to cause disaffection to His Majesty, and to prejudice the recruiting of His Majesty's forces’. Its next public showing in Ireland was in January 1922, three weeks after the Anglo-Irish Treaty had been approved by Dail Eireann. (For a detailed account of the controversy see Rockett et al, Cinema and Ireland, 1987:14-16)." (Information des Anbieters)
    Inhaltsverzeichnis/StrukturSummary: The film is mainly concerned with Irish political and military events between 1798 and 1803. A review of the original version of the film in Irish Limelight in February 1917, following the first Dublin screenings, is the most complete and critical account seen of the film and which includes a description of the now missing first reel of the film. ‘IRELAND A NATION was marred by anachronism and inaccuracies. Some of these, in fact, were too patently ridiculous for serious criticism. The film opened with the passing of the Act of Union, in which an excellent reconstruction of the scene of the old Anglo-Irish House of Commons was spoiled by the delineations of Grattan and Castlereagh - the former depicted as heavy and opulent, and the latter - probably to please the gallery - as the very acme of masculine ugliness. A messenger from Dublin was shown bringing the news of the passing of the Act of Union in 1800 to Father Murphy (who was killed in 1798) as he was addressing his parishioners after Mass, and straightaway the priest (then two years dead) converted his congregation into an insurrectionary band and placed himself at their head. At the same time a deputation of Anti-Unionist M.P.s burst in on the studies of Robert Emmet, told him the Union was passed, and asked him to go to Napoleon for armed aid which, according to the film, Emmet immediately did. Fr Murphy with Emmet in Marshalea Lane Depot, Emmet taking the oath, giving evidence, and defending himself - in typical Yankee fashion - at his own trial, and Michael Dwyer apparently marrying Anne Devlin, and certainly taking off with her to Australia, were amongst other outstanding anachronisms and inaccuracies.’ John Philpot Curran also appears in the scene with Grattan. The surviving film, amounts to approximately 26 minutes of dramatised material and about eight minutes of actuality footage, which are reels 2, 3 and 4 of the re-issued 1920 version of the film. These may be a re-edited version of the 1914 dramatised sequences, and contain the following scenes:...
    Themen FWFilm>>Biographie, Filmgeschichte; Film>>Einzelne Filme (Sekundärliteratur)
    RVK FWAP 44931; AP 59800
    DDC FWHistorische, geografische, personenbezogene Behandlung
    geographischer BezugEuropa, Westeuropa>>Andere Teile Europas>>
    zeitlicher Bezug20. Jahrhundert, 1900 – 1999>>1900 - 1919>>